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S.C.V. History
April 12
1738 - Fr. Francisco Garcés born in Spain; came through SCV in 1776, found Tataviam fighting with Coastal Chumash, observed Santa Clara River flowing by night and dry by day despite the season being spring [story]
Garces statue


Many a young child has spent a lazy sunny afternoon watching in awe as a gecko journeyed across the landscape. Its adhesive-like toepads keeping the lizard upright and moving regardless of the surface gravel, a tree branch, a stucco wall or even a glass window.

That ability to stick and release on any surface has fascinated California State University, Northridge assistant professor of mechanical engineering Jamie Booth for years. Booth received a $300,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to further understanding of the performance of synthetic adhesives which harness mechanisms used by the gecko. What he and his students learn could revolutionize a number of fields, from manufacturing to medicine.

“Geckos have the remarkable ability to support their weight while climbing on walls and ceilings,” Booth said. “When you see a gecko climbing a wall, it’s not pausing and heaving its foot off the wall and then carefully placing it back down. It can switch between strong attachment and easy detachment to move quicky, and it can stick and unstick tens of thousands of times.

“The way a gecko achieves this is all down to an intricate structure of hair-like fibers on its toepad that begin at the microscale and branch into nanoscale features that contact the target surface,” Booth said. “These structures allow the gecko’s toepads to get super, super close, around all of the roughness that makes up the surface of something, whether its a rock or even glass, and attach themselves.”

Those hair-like structures attach using something called “van der Waals forces,” Booth said. Named after Dutch physicist Johannes Diderik van der Waals, this interaction between all atoms and molecules is primarily due to fluctuating charge due orbiting electrons, but can only be perceived if intimate contact is achieved.

“Researchers from around the world have been working on fabricating gecko-mimetic surfaces for over a decade, but there is still a lot we don’t understand about them – particularly how surface roughness affects their performance and how to tailor designs for rough surfaces,’’ he said. “There’s a lot of potential applications for that, from climbing robotics and industrial automation to biomedical devices and skin adhesives for things like wearable technologies. The applications could be endless.”

With the support of the grant, Booth will work with graduate and undergraduate students in both his laboratory and his classes to understand the impact of surface roughness. “When you have all of these little fibers in contact with the surface, the detachment happens because of little defects — little cracks, if you will — created by the roughness in the interface between the adhesive and the surface. These grow as the fibers detach, much like a crack might cause a failure in an engineering structure.”

It’s those “cracks” that Booth and his students will be studying.

“I’m a fracture mechanics person,” Booth said. “I am fascinated by the study of fracture in engineering materials. There are so many interesting techniques used in nature to prevent cracks from growing through structures. People most likely don’t think of geckos as preventing cracks from causing fracture when they see them climbing walls, and that is part of what makes it such a fun application of mechanical engineering.”

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HIGHER EDUCATION LINKS
LOCAL COLLEGE HEADLINES
Friday, Apr 12, 2024
The Dr. Dianne G. Van Hook University Center at College of the Canyons will host an in-person Open House event from 4-7 p.m. on Wednesday, April 24 to preview academic programs offered by partner institutions, including University of La Verne and National University and showcase the facility’s rental spaces.
Friday, Apr 12, 2024
The Science Talks Series at College of the Canyons will offer a Garden Walk at the Canyon Country Campus on Friday, April 26 at 9 a.m. to 11 a.m.
Thursday, Apr 11, 2024
Offering a look into Los Angeles through his eyes, photographer and director Estevan Oriol will talk about his journey as an artist and his photography during a visit next week to California State University, Northridge. 
Monday, Apr 8, 2024
Greg Gifford, Ph.D., will be the featured speaker at this year’s commencement ceremony at The Master’s University.
Monday, Apr 8, 2024
The Santa Clarita Community College District Board of Trustees will hold a business meeting Wednesday, April 10, beginning at 4 p.m.
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Garces statue
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City of Santa Clarita residents are invited to register for the Neighborhood Cleanup taking place on Saturday, April 27, and join the City in removing litter from their local neighborhoods.
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